Page 1 Page 2 Page 3 Page 4 Page 5 Page 6 Page 7 Page 8 Page 9 Page 10 Page 11 Page 12 Page 13 Page 14 Page 15 Page 16 Page 17 Page 18 Page 19 Page 20 Page 21 Page 22 Page 23 Page 24 Page 25 Page 26 Page 27 Page 28 Page 29 Page 30 Page 31 Page 32 Page 33 Page 34 Page 35 Page 36 Page 37 Page 38 Page 39 Page 40 Page 41 Page 42 Page 43 Page 44DELTA JUNCTION GUIDE 27 task force personnel was a beginning but it took time for men to be transported to set up quarters for a short period of actual testing and then pack up and leave until the next year. The expense of moving in and out was taken into consideration when the final reports were filed. When questions arose concerning the reports there was no one available to answer them for the task forces had been disbanded and the person- nel returned to their home units. The major shortcomings of these task forces included having insufficient time to establish units on test sites the lack of acclimatization pe- riod for both personnel and equipment and a lack of continuity. Based on these results it was recom- mended that a permanent test organization be established with test groups represent- ing each of the Army Field Force Boards located in the Zone of the Interior. In 1949 the Department of the Army or- dered the organization of the Arctic Test Branch at Big Delta Air Force Base Alaska now known as Fort Greely. A cadre for the organization was activated at Fort Knox Kentucky in March 1949 by the transfer of personnel from each of the Army Field Force Boards. The organization moved to Alaska in July 1949 and test operations were initiated. Shortly thereafter the orga- nization name was changed to the Arctic Training Center. In 1957 it was renamed the U.S. Army Arctic Test Board with the mission of conducting Arctic service tests of all Army field equipment. From 1955 Fort Greely and a huge tract of land around it withdrawn from the De- partmentoftheInteriorwereusedfortrain- ing soldiers for cold weather combat during the Cold War with the former Soviet Union. In August 1962 as a result of the reorganiza- tion of the Army the Arctic Test Board was established as a Class II activity and placed under the command of the U.S. Army Test and Evaluation Command TECOM. The Board was later renamed the Arctic Test Center and expanded to absorb the Re- search and Development Office Alaska the Technical Services Test Activity and the General Equipment Test Branch all located at Fort Wainwright Alaska and the Chemi- cal Corps Test Activity at Fort Greely. In 1976 the U.S. Army Arctic Test Center was re-designated the U.S. Army Cold Regions Test Center. The Cold Regions Test Center is well into its first half-century of service. Estab- lished in 1949 as the Armys Cold Regions Test Branch the Center exists as a site for testing equipment under the strain of severe Arctic conditions. Tests have included year- round feasibility and service evaluations on freeze-dried foods cold weather clothing and Arctic oils and brake fluids. Equipment testing has also been conducted on the Co- bra Blackhawk and Huey helicopters the Dragon Guided Missile System the Abrams M-1 Tank and a variety of other weapons. More recently the center has tested an in- flatable helicopter hanger for field use and the NASA Aerostat. Due to its isolation remoteness and harsh winter weather Fort Greely was considered by Department of the Army as an Over- seas tour of one year for unaccompanied soldiers and a two-year tour for those with dependents. Because of the unique work- ing and living conditions and the missions of the soldiers assigned to Fort Greely it is no wonder the title Home of the Rugged Professional has been applied to the post. continued on next page the Panama Canal Zone Virginia and Wyoming. The initial operators at Fort Greely were military NCOs but civilians were later hired. The plant operated for several years until the interior radiation caused deterioration of many metal parts. FORT GREELY TENANTS Ground-Based Midcourse Missile Defense 49th Missile Defense Battalion 59th Signal Battalion Cold Regions Test Center U.S. Army Alaska U.S. Army Material Command U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Army and Air Force Exchange Service Defense Commissary Agency DeltaGreely School District U.S. Post Office Northern Warfare Training Center FORT GREELY DEMOGRAPHICS approximates Garrison Work Force Military Civilian Contractor 251 Total Work Force Military Civilian Contractor AAFES DECA NAF 939 Installation Residents Military Civilian Contractors 429