Page 1 Page 2 Page 3 Page 4 Page 5 Page 6 Page 7 Page 8 Page 9 Page 10 Page 11 Page 12 Page 13 Page 14 Page 15 Page 16 Page 17 Page 18 Page 19 Page 20 Page 21 Page 22 Page 23 Page 24 Page 25 Page 26 Page 27 Page 28 Page 29 Page 30 Page 31 Page 32 Page 33 Page 34 Page 35 Page 36 Page 37 Page 38 Page 39 Page 40 Page 41 Page 42 Page 43 Page 4426 DELTA JUNCTION GUIDE The Early Years Fort Greely is a U.S. Army launch site for antiballistic missiles located five miles south of Delta Junction on the Richardson Highway. It is also the home of the Cold Re- gions Test Center CRTC as Fort Greely is one of the coldest areas in Alaska and can accommodate cold extreme cold or temperate weather tests depending on the season. It is named in honor of Maj. Gen. Adolphus Greely. Fort Greelys history dates back to 1942 when 1st Lt. William L. Brame led an ad- vance detail of 15 men to the Big Delta area to establish an Army Air Force Base. Throughout World War II the sole purpose of the base was as a transfer point for the Lend-Lease program to Russia. American aircraft were flown to the base from the Lower 48 and turned over to the Russian pilots who in turn flew the aircraft to the Soviet Union. The base became an Army Post in 1948. It underwent several name changes until in 1955 it was designated Fort Greely in hon- or of Maj. Gen. Adolphus Washington Greely. Greely was an Arctic explorer and founder of the Alaska Com- munications System. After World War II the War Department decided that the American soldier must be able to live and op- erate in any degree of cold. This decision was based on experience gained in combat and predictions of future possibilities for international obligations. A group of task forces was therefore orga- nized to test U.S. Army equipment in the cold. Task Force Frigid and Task Force Wil- liwaw were dispatched to Alaska during the winters of 1946 and 47. A related trial unit Task Force Frost incorporated elements of the 66th Armored Regiment and under- went tests in Camp McCoy Wisconsin at roughly the same time. The information and data collected by Task Force Frigid fort greely SM-1A In the early 1960s the Army constructed a nuclear electrical power plant SM-1A at Fort Greely as part of the Army Nuclear Power Program which included similar operational plants in Antarctica Greenland all photos courtesy of fort greely public affairs office